Short History of Wine in Romania
In this area, wine production is an occupation dating back to the 7th century BC, the ancient inhabitants of the Danube, the Black Sea and the Carpathian lands get the most precious wine, and the vine was one of their most prominent riches . They used to drink the wine poured in ox horns, in ulcers or even in gourds. In the time of the great king Burebista, the founder of the first centralized state if the wine had become a great passion for the Dacians, that the king, counseled by the high priest Deceneu, took the measure of the deforestation of the vine. His action was determined also because of the interest shown by Dacia's neighboring peoples and who were often making incursions here.
With all the measures that Burebista and Deceneu would have taken, it is well known that when the Romans arrived in Dacia, the cultivation of vineyards was practiced on vast areas of land. After Dacia was conquered by the Romans (in the year 106), the coins in the new province represented a woman whose two children offered her grapes as a symbol of the country's main wealth. The Romans brought new varieties of vines to Dacia, introduced new cutting methods and winemaking practices. Later, over the centuries, the vine continued to show a great interest and basic concern to the villagers. Its cultivation has not ceased at any moment either during the migration of peoples or in the centuries of Turkish occupation of the Romanian lands
Romania has maintained close ties with France throughout the 19th century: French culture, education and engineering were highly appreciated, and French was the common language for those educated. when filoxera hit the Romanian vineyards, it was normal for the viticulturists here to ask for technical assistance and practical help to their French colleagues. As a result, the vast majority of post-filoxera vines were of French origin, such as Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay or Sauvignon Blanc. That's why these varieties are cultivated in Romania for a long time as in the rest of Eastern European countries.
In the interwar period a consequence of the change of orientation, in favor of Germany and Austria, was the introduction on the Romanian market of sprit: wine that is accompanied by mineral water. Even today, in Romania, spritul is a very popular way to drink wine, hence the preference of Romanian consumers (but also of Romanian producers) for dry white wines, since they give the best sprit.
During the communist period, three generations of wine-producing companies were developed: wine-growing resorts, state-owned enterprises for wine industrialization and agricultural cooperatives, linked in one way or another by state-owned enterprises.
The liberalization of the Romanian economy after 1989 did not affect vine and wine research companies, vineyards in agricultural cooperatives were privatized, and vineyard enterprises and vineyards also entered private patrimony.